SOC 2 compliance is the industry standard for technology service organizations. To become SOC 2 compliant, companies must conduct a cybersecurity audit. This audit analyzes five controls, known as the Trust Service Principles (TSP): security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. Auditors assure that these five controls are relevant to the industry. Cybersecurity experts recommend penetration testing once a quarter or twice a year as part of SOC 2 compliance audits.
There are two types of SOC 2 Audits – Type I and Type II. A SOC 2 Type I audit is more of a documentation review, whereas a SOC 2 Type II audit is a review of operations – control implementation effectiveness.
Penetration testing is primarily used to test control effectiveness in SOC 2 Type II audits.
Below is a high-level comparison of SOC 2 Type I and SOC 2 Type II: